Latvian Qualifications Database (LQD) is a unique information system containing summary of data about qualifications referenced to the Latvian Qualifications Framework (LQF). LQF is a system, where learning outcomes achieved during periods of learning are described in eight levels. Qualifications referenced in the LQF cover certificates obtained in formal education starting from basic education to doctoral studies. For purposes of comparability of Latvian qualifications, the LQF has been referenced to the European Qualifications Framework (EQF).
The Latvian Qualifications Database is linked to the portal Learning Opportunities and Qualifications – EQF/PLOTEUS – hosted by the European Commission. The EQF/PLOTEUS portal offers opportunity to compare qualification systems and qualifications of various European countries.
Latvian Qualifications Database has been developed within the framework of the European Commission project implemented by the Academic Information Centre – National Coordination Point (NCP) EQF “European Qualifications Framework – National Qualifications Databases” (No. 559123-EPP-1-2014-1-LV-EPPKA3-EQF-NCP, 2014-2016).
Content of the Latvian Qualifications Database
The Database covers qualifications which can be acquired when completing accredited education programmes in accredited education institutions; therefore, these qualifications are recognised by the state.
Information on qualifications has been gathered by using data from the State Education Information System (VIIS) and Study Directions Register, as well as the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No 461 “Regulations of the Classification of Occupations, Core Duties of an Occupation and Procedure of Use and Updating of Classification of Occupations” (18.05.2010) and other laws and regulations.
VIIS data form the foundation for qualifications to be acquired in basic education, secondary education and continuing education (LQF levels 1-4).
SVR data are used for the higher education qualifications (LQF levels 5-8).
Occupational standards included in the Classification of Occupations have been used to describe the knowledge, skills and competences characteristic of qualifications, which can be acquired in professional education, including professional higher education.
Qualifications of LQF levels 1-5 have been reflected in the Database at the level of unique names of qualifications, without indicating qualifications provided at each particular education institution as a separate entry, as the content of these qualifications has been developed on the basis of state education and/or occupational standards. For example, a certificate of basic education can be awarded by several education institutions. Therefore, the learning outcomes of such qualifications in the Database were formulated on the basis of state education and/or occupational standards.
Qualifications of LQF levels 6-8 can be acquired when completing a particular higher education study programme in a particular higher education institution; therefore, the Database contains learning outcomes defined by respective higher education institution.
Content of the Qualification Record
The Database contains the following information on each qualification:
|Title of the qualification|
|For the LQF levels 1-5 the title of qualification is made of: title of the certificate and the acquired education or professional qualification|
|For the LQF levels 6-8 the title of qualification is made of: the higher education degree acquired and, if applicable, professional qualification (name of the higher education institution)|
|Information about the qualification|
|Learning outcomes||Learning outcomes are knowledge, skills and competences acquired within course of education. In Latvia learning outcomes are defined by the state education standards and occupational standards (for professional qualifications). Learning outcomes of higher qualifications are defined by higher education institutions|
|Knowledge, skills, competences (if applicable)||Knowledge, skills and competences characteristic of the qualification as listed in respective occupational standard|
|Suitability for a occupation (according to ISCO-08) (if applicable)||Latvian Classification of Occupations is developed according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations, ISCO-08 issued by the International Labour Organization (ILO)|
|Qualifications area and levels|
|EQF level||European Qualifications Framework (EQF) has 8 levels (1 – the lowest, 8 – the highest). EQF levels describe the complexity levels of knowledge, skills and competences (learning outcomes) acquired|
|LQF level||Latvian Qualifications Framework (LQF) has 8 levels (1 – the lowest, 8 – the highest). The levels describe the complexity levels of knowledge, skills and competences (learning outcomes) acquired. LQF includes stages of education starting from the basic education (level 1 – special basic education) to the higher education (level 8 – doctoral degree)|
Professional qualification levels (if applicable)
|A system of five Professional Qualification Levels (PQL) exists in Latvia (1 – the lowest, 5 – the highest) since 1999. PQL system includes only professional qualifications (basic education, secondary and higher education stages). PQL describes readiness of an individual to perform work of certain degree of complexity and responsibility.|
|Thematic fields of education (ISCED)||ISCED International Standard Classification of Education is a standardised classification of education maintained by the UNESCO. Thematic field of education and detailed fields are classification levels of ISCED|
|Detailed fields (ISCED)|
|Stage and type of education|
|Stage of education||The Database reflects on Latvian education system included in the LQF: basic education, secondary education and higher education|
|Type of education||The Database reflects on types of Latvian education: general education, professional education and academic education|
|Options for acquiring a qualification|
|Awarding body||State accredited education institution or examination centre issuing a qualification|
|Access requirements||Requirements regarding previous education allowing starting learning for acquiring of the qualification|
|Ways to acquire the qualification||In Latvia qualification can be obtained either by acquiring an education program or by undergoing competence validation of learning outcomes achieved through non-formal or informal learning (LQF levels 3-4)|
|Credit points (LQF levels 5-8)||Measuring unit of volume of Latvian higher education studies: 1 credit point corresponds to one study work week in full-time studies (40 credit points for a study year). 1 Latvian credit point is 1.5 ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credit points|
|Diploma supplement||Diploma supplements in Latvia are issued for higher education qualifications. Content of diploma supplement is stipulated by the Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers|
|Duration of study||Length of acquiring of the qualifications in full-time learning|